In 2014 over 83 million acres of corn were harvested in the U.S., with an average yield of 174.2 bushels per acre, for a total corn harvest production of almost 14.5 billion bushels. These corn production numbers were the highest ever reported in the U.S., largely due to favorable weather patterns.
The top corn producing states in 2014 were Iowa, Illinois, Nebraska, Minnesota, Indiana, South Dakota, Ohio, Missouri, Kansas and Wisconsin.
On October 10, 2014, the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board of the United States Department of Agriculture (“USDA”) released crop production numbers. The USDA reported:
Corn production is forecast at 14.5 billion bushels, up less than 1 percent from the previous forecast and up 4 percent from 2013. Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 174.2 bushels per acre, up 2.5 bushels from the September forecast and 15.4 bushels above the 2013 average. If realized, this will be the highest yield and production on record for the United States. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 83.1 million acres, down 1 percent from the September forecast and down 5 percent from 2013.
Importantly, only 117.851 million bushels of the total of 14.043 billion bushels produced in 2013 was for silage, with the vast majority of corn being grown for sale.
In order, the following states produced the greatest amount of corn in 2014:
- Iowa produced 2.442 billion bushels;
- Illinois produced 2.340 billion bushels;
- Nebraska produced 1.5837 billion bushels;
- Minnesota produced 1.326 billion bushels;
- Indiana produced 1.0695 billion bushels;
- South Dakota produced 815.4 million bushels;
- Ohio produced 619.44 million bushels;
- Missouri produced 599.4 million bushels;
- Kansas produced 592 million bushel;
- Wisconsin produced 497.34 million bushels.
This high production of corn in 2014 largely resulted from favorable weather patterns. In this regard, the USDA reported as follows:
Ninety percent of this year’s corn crop was at or beyond the dough stage by August 31, eight percentage points ahead of last year and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. By August 31, eight percent of the corn crop was mature, 4 percentage points ahead of last year but 8 percentage points behind the 5-year average. At the beginning of the month, the percentage of corn mature was behind the 5-year averages in all of the estimating States except Nebraska and Texas. Below-average temperatures throughout the Corn Belt continued to slow down progress in major corn producing regions. Nationwide, 82 percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dent stage by September 14, three percentage points ahead of last year but 3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. The corn harvest began in most southern Corn Belt locations by the middle of the month with 4 percent of the Nation’s corn harvested by September 14, equal to the same time last year but 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Ninety-six percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dent stage by September 28, slightly ahead of last year but slightly behind the 5-year average. By September 28, sixty percent of the corn crop was mature, equal to last year but 10 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 12 percent of the corn crop was harvested by September 28, slightly ahead of last year but 11 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Overall, 74 percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition on September 28, unchanged from the beginning of the month but 19 percentage points better than the same time last year. Corn condition ratings in the good and excellent categories are as high as they have been this late in the season since 2004.
Although 2014 was a successful year for corn production, corn farmers are still hurting from the severe drop in corn prices due to Syngenta GMO corn seed.
* This information is provided to supply relevant information concerning the GMO corn lawsuit, and should not be received as legal advice. Legal advice is only given to persons or entities with whom Watts Guerra LLP has established an attorney-client relationship. If you have another lawyer in the GMO Corn lawsuit, you should consult with your own attorney, and rely upon his or her advice, rather than the information contained herein.